- Be able to name the two types
of variables in an experiement. Which
one do we measure as the results of the experiment?
- Understand the meaning of these
terms: Observation, experiment, test, hypothesis, theory. What are the two most important variables
in an experiment?
- What is a control group?
Why do experiments have a control group?
- Which has more evidence, a
theory or a hypothesis?
- Who can challenge a scientific
- Do all scientists rigidly
follow the scientific method in a step by step manner
- What is the scientific term for
an educated guess
- Understand the meaning of the
following terms: placebo, blind
experiment, double blind experiment, model, experimental test,
able to explain the difference between correlation and causation
do we use statistics
able to explain the differences between mean, median and mode
is the relationship between standard error and variability
experiment would we trust more, one with a small confidence interval or one
with a large confidence interval?
do we get if we add the standard error to the sample average? What do we get if we subtract the standard
error from the sample average?
does it mean if we say results are “statistically significant?” Which is more likely to be significant, a
large sample or a small sample?
do we trust primary literature more than secondary?
Chemistry of Life
- Which elements are the most
common in living organisms?
- What do these terms mean:
matter, mass, atom, element, molecule, valence shell, mixture, compound,
acid, base, pH
- Explain how each of these bonds
occurs: covalent bond, ionic bond, hydrogen bond
- know the charge and location of each of these
subatomic particles: proton, neutron, electron. Which particle
controls what type of element an atom belongs to? Which
particle determines which isotope an electron will be? Which
particle controls the charge on an ion?
- What conditions are stable
(i.e. “make an atom happy”) for the outer electron layer
- What do these words mean:
solution, solute, solvent, hydrophilic, hydrophobic
- What unique properties of water
make it important for life
- Be able to explain what a monomer, dimer, trimer and polymer are. What are the
monomers of proteins?
Large Biological Molecules
- Name the major four major
classes of biological molecules
- What is a polysaccharide? Name
three carbohydrate polymers and know what they are used for
- What are proteins used
for? What are they made of?
- Be able to explain the primary,
secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure of a protein
- Which major group do enzymes
belong to? How do enzymes work? Are they altered or used up by
a reaction? What is an active site? What does it
mean if we say an enzyme is “denatured”?
- What are lipids made of
- Are most lipids hydrophilic or hydrophobic. What about phospholipids? Where
in cells are phospholipids common?
- What is a fatty acid? What
do the terms saturated and unsaturated mean? What type of bonds allow unsaturated fatty acids to
- Where are sterols/steroids
- Where are nucleic acids found?
- What are the two major types of
- What are the three components
found in every nucleic acid monomer?
- What is ATP?